Sub-Project 1: FA 2005 Customary Laws and Practices
SP1 will improve our understanding of the role of the FA 2005 in changing patterns of forest related conflicts. It does so through a case study of the FA 2005 in text and implementation. The research will track the development of the FA 2005 text through a review of policy documents, drafts of the law text, and commission works as well as through interviews with those involved in the preparation. This process will clarify the expressed political motives behind the Act in order to create a yardstick against which the investigations of its effects can be gauged. Furthermore, the study will follow the implementation, including enforcement and adjudication, of the Act through review of court cases and, in particular, interviews with relevant actors at national, sub-national, and community levels (also supported by investigations at community and household levels in SP2-3). This process will reveal the on-the-ground effects and whether these can be attributed to the text and/or to its implementation in practice.
Sub-Project 2: Forest Related Conflicts in Mau
SP2 aims at improving our understanding of the causes, development and underlying drivers of forest related conflicts. This will be accomplished through a combined desk study and interview-based investigation of the social and historical context of the case communities, including the history of forest related conflicts going back to the onset of British colonialism in 1885. Furthermore, the SP will investigate selected conflict cases to identify their drivers and to understand the role of various conflict resolution mechanisms in their development. Finally, SP2 will provide the empirical foundation for the development of a locally-adapted early warning system for conflict escalation that builds upon any such systems already in existence (to be developed and implemented in SP4). Methods include semi-structured interviews, various appraisal techniques to map the development of natural resources and human populations, and participant observations. The investigations will provide inputs to SP1 (as mentioned in the SP1 description above) and SP3 (community-level background information to trace causality behind observed correlations in the household-level data).
Sub-Project 3: Household-Level Study of Livelihoods and Attitudes
SP3 will improve our understanding of the role of livelihoods and identities in shaping behaviour in forest related conflicts. The information will be procured through a structured household survey focusing on livelihoods and identity factors shaping conflict behaviour, preceded and followed by more in-depth semi-structured interviews focusing on preparing the survey and unravelling causalities behind observed correlations in survey data, respectively. SP3 delivers individual and household level information for the analyses in SP1, in the form of livelihoods impacts of the establishment of CFAs, and SP2, in the form of how attitudes towards institutions and livelihoods- and identity-based groups are shaped by livelihoods and identities.
Sub-Project 4: Synthesis – Research meets Practice
With a departure in the research results of SP1-3, this SP will provide an improved understanding of conflict drivers and the role of State-led and civil society based governance with a further aim to develop and disseminate recommendations and tools for inclusive governance approaches. This SP is thus specifically designated to explore novel and effective ways in which research meets practice in order to empower rural people as well as professionals. A comprehensive desk analysis based on the data and analyses from SP1-3 will form the basis for the development of a conflict assessment and management framework as well as an early warning tool. Furthermore, SP4 will develop and implement courses aimed at extension officers, training packages and publications with associated operational tools and manuals to be disseminated to communities and professionals, as well as organize workshops and conferences aimed at actors at different levels. This will be done under due consideration to and building upon existing similar tools and manuals in Kenya.
Dr. Thuita Thenya - South Coordinator
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Prof. Vibeke Vindelov - North Coordinator
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STAKE Project -WMI,
College of Agriculture & Veterinary Sciences,
University of Nairobi,
P. O. Box 29053-00625
Tele. No. : +254 20 2506448/0788526473
Physical Location: College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences,
Upper Kabete, off Kapenguria road. View map.
Contact Person: The Director